Micro-organisms Key Words

· inoculate: Transferring a microbe into a petri dish

· extracellular digestion: The breaking down of food by enzymes occurring outside of the cell

· enzyme: A chemical produced by a cell for digestion

· pathogen: Microbes that causes disease

· saprophyte: A microbe that feeds on dead matter

· aerobic: Microbes that use oxygen during respiration

· anaerobic: Microbes that do not use oxygen during respiration

· hyphae: Fine root-like threads used for feeding by fungi

· spores: Reproductive cells of fungi

· sporangium: A part of a fungi that produces spores

· toxin: Poisonous substances released by microbes

· disinfectant: Chemicals applied onto living tissue that kills microbes

· antibiotic: Substance taken internally to kill bacteria